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Firqah  فِرقَة   Sekte, Gruppe, ... im Sinne vom Islam abweichender Glaubensinhalte, doch mit islamischen Bekenntnis und andere.


 

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Sekten,

die sich als Muslime definieren.

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Ahmadyyiah

Antropomorphisten

Bektashi (heute)

Demokraten

Dschabariyyah

Hizbu-t-Tahrir

Ikhwaani

Islamische Kirche

Islamischer Staat

Ismailiten

Khawaaridsch

Kulturisten

Liberale

Modernisten

Muschabihah

Mu'tazilah

Qadariyyah

Salafiten

Säkularisten

Schiiten

Wahabiten

usf.

 

einige Sekten,

welche sich eher nicht als Muslime definieren.

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Aleviten

Assassinen

Bahai

Drusen

 

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einige andere

manchmal mit dem Islam assoziierte Sekten

Gurdieff&Co

Schuon&Co

 

 

 
   

 

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Vorwort zu Gruppen (Sekten) .. hier sind Gruppen gemeint, welche im Namen des Islam bekannt bzw. im Sinne ihrer Aqidah (fundamentale Glaubensinhalte) von ahl al Sunnah wa-l-dscham'a (Mainstream) mehr oder weniger abweichen oder bereits als Kufaar (Ungläubige) zu betrachten sind, auch wenn sie "kulturell" oder folkloristisch gesehen, als Muslime gelten und sich als die wahren Muslime wähnen.

 

 

Alle die sich zum Islam bekennen sagen:

 

 

asch-hadu allaa ilaaha illa-llahu wa asch-hadu anna

muhammadan 'abduhu wa Rasuuluhu

 

Ich bezeuge:  Kein Gott außer Allah und ich bezeuge,

Muhammad ist Sein Diener und Sein Gesandter.

 

Hinter diesem einheitlichen Bekenntnis verbergen sich aber teilweise unterschiedliche Auffassungen, die dem Bekenntnis offen oder insgeheim widersprechen - also Irrlehren sind - und dadurch auch aus dem Islam  hinausführen. Irrlehren sind aber nicht immer so einfach, - und vor allem nicht von jedem sofort zu erkennen. Wenn etwa die Anhänger einer Gruppe behaupten würden, dass Schweinefleisch zu essen erlaubt sei, oder dass die fünf täglichen Gebete nicht verpflichtend sind, dann weiß fast jeder der sich zum Islam bekennt, dass da etwas nicht stimmt und das Glaubensbekenntnis desjenigen, der so etwas behauptet, nur mit den Lippen, aber nicht im Herzen bewahrheitet wird. Aber nicht immer sind Islamleugnungen (im Deckmantel des Glaubensbekenntnisses) so offensichtlich, sondern können versteckt sein und die Sektenzugehörigkeit muss gar nicht bewusst oder organisiert sein. Vielmehr ist es auch so, dass  Islambekenner - in Ermangelung von Bildung, eine individuelle Mischung von der wahren und diversen irrigen Lehren vertreten, was es umso schwieriger machen kann, den Irrtum zu erkennen.

 

Imam Rabbani Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi Faruqi (rahmatullah alaih) erklärt dazu in seinem Brief an Mullah Ibrahim (Maktubat Shareef : 3.38), wie das Hadiith: "die Ummah (Gemeinscahft der Muslime) wird sich in dreiundsiebzig Sekten (Gruppen) teilen" zu verstehen ist:

 

 "It is declared in a hadith that this Ummat will part into seventy-three groups, seventy-two of whom will go to Hell. This hadith informs that the seventy-two groups will be tormented in the fire of Hell. It does not inform that they will stay in torment eternally. Remaining in the torment of Hell-fire eternally is for those who do not have iman. That is, it is for disbelievers. The seventy- two groups, on account of their corrupt belief, will go to Hell and will burn as much as the corruptness of their belief. One group, the seventy-third, will be saved from Hell-fire because their belief is not corrupt. If among the members of this one group there are those who committed evil deeds and if these evil deeds of theirs have not been forgiven through tawba or shafaat, it is possible that these, too, will burn in Hell as much as their sins. All of those who are in the seventy-two groups will go to Hell. But none of them will remain in Hell eternally. Not all of those who are in this one group will go to Hell. Of these only those who have committed evil deeds will go to Hell. The seventy-two reported groups of bidat, which will go to Hell, should not all be called "disbelievers", because they are Ahl-i qibla. However, of these people, the ones who disbelieve those Islamic tenets that are indispensable to be believed, as well as those who deny those rules of the Shariat which every Muslim has heard and knows become disbelievers. The savants of the Ahl as-Sunnat declare: "If a Muslim's statement signifies a hundred meanings ninety-nine of which causing disbelief and one showing that he is a Muslim, it is necessary to take this one meaning, thus saving him from the state of disbelief." Allahu ta'ala knows the truth of everything. His Word is the most reliable word."

 


 

 

 

http://daruliftabirmingham.co.uk/73-sects-in-islam/

What are the 73 Sects in Islam?
In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.

 

The Prophet of Allah - Sallallahu Alahi Wasalam said, “My Ummah will be divided into 73 sects.  All of them will be in the fire except one.”  The people asked him, “And which one will that be?” He replied, “The one that follows what I and my companions are upon right now.”  (Sunan Tirmizi & Mishkaatul Masaabeeh p.30 v.1)

Out of the 73 sects there are 8 main groups: Mutazilah - Shia - Khawarij - Murjiyah - Najariyah - Jabariyah - Mushabiha - Naajiyah
Each of the 8 main sects are split up into further branches:
Mutazilah have 20 branches.  Shia’s have 22.  Khawarij have 20.  Murjiyah have 5.  Najariyah have 3.  Jabariyah, Mushabihah and Najiyaah have one each.
Mutazilah are those that believe that a person does all his actions by himself and there is no say of Allah (SWA) on this.  They also believe that one will not be able to see Allah (SWA) on the Day of Judgement and that it is compulsory upon Allah to reward his devout and pious servants and punish his disobedient servants.
Murjiyah are those who believe that when a person says his Kalimah once he will be saved irrespective of how sinful he is.
Najariyah reject the attributes of Allah (SWA) and the speech of Allah (SWA) is like other humans.
Jabariyah believe that humans do not have a say on their actions.
Mushabihah say that Allah (SWA) like humans, has body parts.
Shias follow the religious guidance of the Prophet of Allah Sallallahu Alahi Wasalams’ family (the Ahl al-Bayt) or his descendants known as Shia Imams like Saaiduna Ali Radiallahu Anhu, Saaiduna Hasan and Husain Radiallahu Anhuma etc…
Khawarij are those who initially supported Saaiduna Ali Radiallahu Anhu but later rejected him.
Najiyah are the Ahlus Sunnah Wal-Jamaat.  [AL-Najiyah (AL-Firqah), the reference is to the Muslims that will gain salvation on the Day of Judgment as a result of following the Qur'an and the teachings of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) meticulously, as opposed to those groups that strayed from the path in different ways.]
(Extracted from Mazaahirul Haqq p.232 – p.233 v.1)
Only Allah Knows Best

Mohammed Tosir Miah  / Darul Ifta Birmingham.

 

 


 

What Is The Meaning Of K'afir, Mun'afiq and Zind'Iq?

http://www.serenityfountain.org/articles/1736-what-is-the-meaning-of-kafir-munafiq-and-zindiq


The religious teachings revealed by Islam are the teachings that are written in the books of the scholars of Ahl as-Sunna. A person becomes a k'afir (disbeliever) if he does not believe, among the teachings of 'Im'an and the Shar'I'a that have been reported by the scholars of Ahl as-Sunna, even one of the nasses ('ayats or had'Iths) with explicit meaning. If he keeps his disbelief secret, he is called a mun'afiq. If not only he keeps it secret but also he tries to deceive Muslims by passing himself off as a Muslim, he is called a zind'Iq. If he makes ta'w'Il of the nasses with explicit meaning without knowing, that is, gives wrong meaning to them and believes wrongly, he again becomes a disbeliever and is called a mulhid.

If he believes wrongly by making ta'w'Il of the nasses with inexplicit meaning, he does not become a disbeliever but, because he has departed from the right path of the Ahl as-Sunna, will go to Hell. Since he believes in the nasses with explicit meaning, he will not remain in Hell eternally but will be taken into Paradise. Such people are called ahl al-bid'a or heretical groups. There are seventy-two heretical groups. None of their 'ib'ad'at is acceptable. Muslims whose faith is correct are called Ahl as-Sunnat wa 'l-Jam'a'a or Sunn'Is. In relation to 'ib'ad'at, the Sunn'Is belong to four different madhhabs. Those who follow one of these madhhabs acknowledge that the followers of the other three also belong to Ahl as-Sunna, and they love one another. A person who does not follow any of these madhhabs does not belong to Ahl as-Sunna. Further, "He who does not belong to Ahl as-Sunna is either a disbeliever or a man of bid'a."


 


 

 

Ahlu-s-Sunnah wa-l-Dschama'a  Der traditionelle Islam, welcher heute  durch die vier Madhaahibs (Rechtschulen) vertreten ist  inkludiert Tassauwuf.

 

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Diin  ist Lebensweise ... Es gibt verschiedene Ansichten unter Muslimen, ob das Wort Religion für Diin verwendbar ist oder nicht; ich verwende hier "Religion" jedenfalls im Sinne von "Diin" und eben nicht im üblich gewordenen, säkularen Unsinn. Diin bedeutet also Lebensweise, welche mit Imaan alle Lebensbereiche durchdringt, wobei für die Ungläubigen, wobei Allah auch den Leugnern Seiner Offenbarung das Wort Diin gebraucht: "....lakuum Diinukum wa lia Diin" (euch eure Diin und uns unsere Diin). ....... Muhhammad Abu Bakr Müller

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