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.Lailatu-l-Baaraat  ليلة البارات  Nacht der Schicksalsbestimmung  


 

 
   

The night of the 15th starts at sunset on the 14th and ends at sunrise on the 15th of Sh'abaan.

Die fünfzehnte Nacht des Sch'abaan wird Lailatu-l-Baraa  (Nacht der Aufzeichnung bzw. des Schicksals) genannt, in welcher Allah  die 'Amaal (Taten) der Menschen für das kommende Jahr bestimmt und als Erinnerung, dass Allah den Propheten Nuhh (alaihi salaam) von der Flut rettete. Die Nacht gilt auch als die Nacht der "Befreiung". In arabischsprachigen Ländern heiss die Nacht auch Laylatun Nisfe, in Indien, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Iran und Afghanistan spricht man von Shab-e-Baraat (Nacht der Befreiung), denn Allah befreit Seine sündigen Diener, welchen Dschahannam zusteht und bestimm die Versorgung für das kommende Jahr und wer die Hhadsch machen kann oder nicht;  und bestimmt die Seelen, welche geboren werden sollen und derjenigen welche von dieser Welt hinweg genommen werden.

 

Imam Nawawi mentioned in his Majmu`, where he also quoted Imam al-Shafi`i from the letters al-Umm that it has reached him that there are 5 nights when dua is answered, one of them being the night of the 15th of Sha`ban.

Known as the Night of Deliverance or Forgiveness this date occurs on the 14 of Sha'baan, the eighth month on the Islamic calendar. On the 14th, many Muslims offer extra prayers, read the Qur'an and stay awake the entire night to carry out the responsibilities. Special foods and sweets are prepared and money is given to children during this time. This is generally viewed by most Muslims as preparation for Ramaḍaan.

 

The Prophet  said: “Every night when it is the last third of the night, our Lord, the Superior, the Blessed, descends to the nearest heaven and says: Is there anyone to invoke Me that I may respond to his invocation? Is there anyone to ask Me so that I may grant him his request? Is there anyone asking My forgiveness so that I may forgive him?. ” (Bukhari)

 

Imam Ibn Khuzaymah also recorded in his Kitab At-Tawheed wa Ithbat Sifat ar-Rabb in a section of "Nuzool", The Descent of Allah , as one of The Almighty God's Attributes taught to us, and in one of the narrations it specifically mentions His Majesty's Descent on the night of Nisf-Sha'ban. We mention this just to refute those neo-Salafis who challenge reports from this night for Ibn Khuzaymah and his book Kitab at-Tawheed is one of the books highly recommended in Salafi circles when it comes to 'aqeedah. However, there is a caution on how we should believe in "Nuzool" of Rabb al-Alameen as stated by the same Imam Ibn Khuzaymah in Kitab At-Tawheed: "The scholars of Hijaz and Iraq reported from the Prophet that the Lord descends to 'Samaai Dunya' (approximate translation: the worldly heaven or the first heaven as reported by many narrations) every night. We therefore testify and acknowledge on our tongues while our hearts are certain of the information about the descending of Allah without delving into how it happens because our Prophet did not describe to us how our Creator descends to 'Samaai Dunya' but he only informed us that He does descend.

 

And Allah – Most High – and His Prophet did not leave a matter that Muslims are required to know about their religion without mentioning it to them. Therefore, we narrate this information and believe in what it includes about the descending of Allah without delving into how this happens or describing this descending as the Prophet did not describe it to us.

It is reported from Sayyiduna Ali that the Prophet Muhammad said: "Let all of you spend the night of mid-Sha`ban in worship (i.e. partly) and its day in fasting. Allah descends to the nearest heaven during this night, beginning with sunset, and says: Is there no one asking forgiveness that I may forgive them? Is there no one asking sustenance that I may grant them sustenance? Is there no one under trial that I may relieve them? Is there not such-and-such, is there not such-and-such, and so forth until dawn rises." This hadith was classified as weak however there is general consensus that weak hadiths may be acted upon for virtuous acts (Fadaail A'mal), such as voluntary fasting and prayer, as long as the hadith is not excessively weak, returns to a general basis in the Shariah, and one is not convinced that Muhammad specifically prescribed it.

There are many other narrations from the Companions and early Muslims confirming this matter, as mentioned by Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali in his Lataif al-Ma`arif, and others.

1. About hadith:

On this night, perform Nawaafil, recite the Qur'aan, Salawat, Kalima Tayyibah, and seek forgiveness.

As for the other narrations concerning the 15th of Sha'baan (which are not believed authentic), the Hanafi scholar, Shaikh Mulla 'alee al-Qaaree (d.1014H) records some of these hadith:

In another narration, the following people have also been mentioned: 1. One who deals in usury (Riba), 2. One who wears his trousers below his ankle with pride and arrogance (In Arabia, people displayed their wealth and boasted in this manner - [so ähnlich wie heute in Europa] ), 3. One who creates disunity among two Muslims, 4. The person who unjustly takes away the right and property of another Muslim and has not yet rectified himself. All these persons are not shown mercy on this auspicious Night. A humble appeal to seek pardon and ask Allah ’s forgiveness.

 

 

Also on this night the Doors of Mercy and Forgiveness are opened wide, and those who sincerely grieve over and repent for their past sins and seek forgiveness from Allah are pardoned and forgiven by the Grace of Allah the Merciful.

Each Tasbih or Du’a should begin and terminate with the recital of Salawat and one who wishes for the acceptance of his Du'aas should use the Wasila of Muhammad.

Hadrat Ghawth al-A’zam, Shaykh Abd al-Qadir al-Gilani has mentioned in his famous book ”Ghunyat li Talibee Tariqil Haqq” (ie, The Gift for the student who seeks the path of truth) that the month of Shaban according to some narrations is related to Muhhammad. So, it is our duty, as the followers of Muhammad to love and respect this month more than any other month (besides Ramadtan). One should also offer abundantly salutations (Salaat-o-Salaam) upon Muhammad.Note, Al-Ghawth al-A'zam Abd al-Qadir al-Gilani put together his famous book "Ghunyat" and heavily emphasized the 'aqeedah of the Salaf as regards the Attributes of Allah without 'Tawil', 'Tadheel', or 'Takyeef' but just as they are presented in the Qur'aan and the Sunnah of Muhammad.

Narrated Aisha: "I could not find the Messenger of Allah one night. So I left and found him at Al-Baqi. He said: 'Did you fear that you had been wronged by Allah and His Messenger?' I said: 'O Messenger of Allah! I thought that you had gone to one of your wives.' So he said: 'Indeed Allah, Mighty and Sublime is He, descends to the lowest Heavens during the night of the middle of Sha'ban, to grant forgiveness to more than the number of hairs on the sheep of (Banu) Kalb.'" Reference : Jami` at-Tirmidhi 739 - In-book reference : Book 8, Hadith 58 - English translation : Vol. 2, Book 3, Hadith 739

 

Aa'ishah (r.a.) said: “I never saw the Messenger of Allah  fasting for an entire month except in Ramadtan, and I never saw him fast more than he did in Sha’baan.” (Bukhari, Muslim)

However, if you are weak or do not fast habitually and feel that this nafil fasting may be a hindrance to your obligatory fasting in the month of Ramadan, then the person may stop the nafil fasting in the last few days of this month. And for that person, the Prophet  said: “When Sha’baan is half over, do not fast.

 

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